Comparison of Machine Learning Methods for Classifying User Satisfaction Opinions of the PeduliLindungi Application
Since the emergence of the Covid-19 virus, the Indonesian government urged people to study, work, and worship or work from home. The social restriction policy has changed people's behavior which requires physical distance in social interaction. The government developed an application to minimize the spread of Covid-19, namely the PeduliLindungi application. The PeduliLindungi application is a tracking application to prevent the spread of Covid-19. The government's policy of implementing the PeduliLindungi application during Covid-19 aroused pros and cons from the public. The volume of PeduliLindungi application review data on Google Play was increasing, so manual analysis could not be done. New analytical approaches needed to be carried out, such as sentiment analysis. This research aimed to analyze user reviews of the PeduilLindungi application using classification methods, namely Support Vector Machine (SVM), Random Forest, and Naïve Bayes. The methods used were Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE), Random Forest, SVM, and Naïve Bayes. SMOTE was used to balance user review data on the PeduliLindungi application. After the data had been balanced, classification was carried out. The results of this study showed that the Random Forest method with SMOTE got better accuracy than the SVM and Naive Bayes methods, which was 96.3% based on the division of training and testing data using 10-fold cross-validation. Thus, using the SMOTE method could improve the accuracy of classification methods in classifying opinions of user satisfaction with the PeduliLindungi application.
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