The Application of Repeated SMOTE for Multi Class Classification on Imbalanced Data
One of the problems that are often faced by classifier algorithms is related to the problem of imbalanced data. One of the recommended improvement methods at the data level is to balance the number of data in different classes by enlarging the sample to the minority class (oversampling), one of which is called The Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE). SMOTE is commonly used to balance data consisting of two classes. In this research, SMOTE was used to balance multi-class data. The purpose of this research is to balance multi-class data by applying SMOTE repeatedly. This iterative process needs to be applied if the number of unbalanced data classes is more than two classes, because the one-time SMOTE process is only suitable for binary classification or the number of unbalanced data classes is only one class. To see the performance of iterative SMOTE, the SMOTE datasets were classified using a neural network, k-NN, Nave Bayes, and Random Forest and the performance measures were measured in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. The experiment in this research used the Glass Identification dataset which had six classes, and the SMOTE process was repeated five times. The best performance was achieved by the Random Forest classifier method with accuracy = 86.27%, sensitivity = 86.18%, and specificity = 95.82%. The result of experiment present that repeated SMOTE results can increase the performance of classification.
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