Publication Ethic

Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis (e-ISSN: 2715-9361) is a journal published by Bumigora University. This journal follows guidelines based on The 2014 Regulation Number 5 of The Indonesian Institute of Science concerning the Code of Ethics for Scientific Publications which originates from COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics). This statement explains the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the process of publishing an article in this journal, including the author, editor-in-chief, Editorial Board, reviewers, and publisher.


The publication of an article in Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis is an important foundation in efforts to develop a coherent and recognized scientific network. Every article published is a direct reflection of the quality of the author's work and the institutions that support them and uphold the scientific method. Therefore, all parties involved must agree on the standards of ethical behavior expected in the act of publishing: authors, journal editors, publishers, publishers, and the public.

Bumigora University (Universitas Bumigora) as the publisher of Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis takes the role of maintaining all stages of publishing very seriously and we are very aware of our ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprints, or other commercial revenue does not impact or influence editorial decisions. In addition, Bumigora University and the Editorial Board will assist in communication with other journals and/or publishers, which is considered very useful and necessary.


The editors of  Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis are responsible for deciding which submitted articles should be published. Editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and are limited by applicable legal provisions, such as defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. Editors may consult with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

1. Aspect of Fairness: The editor must ensure that manuscripts are reviewed for their intellectual content, irrespective of the authors' sex, gender, race, religion, or citizenship. Editorial independence and integrity are crucial in making fair and unbiased decisions.

2. Confidentiality: The editors and editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the author, reviewer, prospective reviewer, or other appropriate editorial board members.

3. Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Reviewers should not use any privileged information obtained during the review process for personal gain and should avoid reviewing manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest. They should inform the editor if they suspect any potential conflict of interest.


1. Contribution to Editorial Decisions: Reviewers play a role in helping the editor make decisions on whether to publish or reject a manuscript, and may also provide feedback to help authors improve their work.

2. Promptness: Any selected reviewer who feels they do not meet the requirements/interest to review the manuscript or do not have enough time to review it must immediately notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.

3. Confidentiality: Reviewers should maintain the confidentiality of the manuscript and not share it with others unless authorized by the editor.

4. Objectivity: Reviewers should provide an objective assessment of the manuscript and provide clear and constructive feedback to the authors. They should follow the journal's instructions for providing feedback and avoid any conflicts of interest.

5. Acknowledgement of Sources: Reviewers should ensure that authors have properly cited all sources used in their research, and should inform the editor of any concerns they have about the ethical aspects of the work. If reviewers become aware of any irregularities or potential misconduct, they should inform the editor immediately but should not personally investigate further.

6. Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Reviewers should not use any privileged information obtained during the review process for personal gain and should avoid reviewing manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest. They should inform the editor if they suspect any potential conflict of interest.


1. Reporting Standards: Authors must report research accurately and honestly, without any manipulation or falsification of data. Manuscripts should provide enough detail and references to allow replication of the work. Fraudulent or inaccurate statements are unacceptable, and manuscripts should follow the journal's submission guidelines.

2. Data Access and Retention: Authors are requested to provide raw data related to the manuscript for editorial purposes, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data, if possible, and should retain such data after publication.

3. Originality and Plagiarism: Authors must ensure that their work is original and not submitted concurrently to multiple publications. Relevant previous work should be properly acknowledged and referenced, with citations to the primary literature where possible. Original wording taken directly from other publications should be appropriately cited.

4. Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications: Authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal or publish redundant manuscripts describing the same research in more than one journal. Multiple publications from a single research project should be identified as such, and the primary publication should be referenced.

5. Acknowledgement of Sources: Authors should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that influenced the nature of the reported work.

6. List of Manuscript Authors: Authors should be limited to those who have made significant contributions to the conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of the research being reported. All persons who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Other persons or parties who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project must be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate authors are listed in the manuscript and that there are no inappropriate authors, and that all authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

7. Human or Animal Hazards: If the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author should clearly identify these in the manuscript.

8. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Authors are required to reveal any financial or other significant conflicts of interest that could potentially impact the result or interpretation of their manuscript, and they must disclose all sources of financial support for their research project.

9. Fundamental Errors in Published Works: When authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their published work, the author must immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the manuscript.


1. Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis will not tolerate any form of academic misconduct, including plagiarism, data fabrication, and improper authorship attribution.

2. In cases of suspected misconduct, Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis will investigate the matter thoroughly and take appropriate action, including retracting or correcting published articles.

Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis strives to promote transparency and ethical practices in scientific research and publication. We encourage authors, reviewers, and readers to familiarize themselves with our publication ethics and malpractice statement to ensure the highest standards of integrity and scholarly conduct are upheld throughout the publishing process.


Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis is committed to upholding the highest standards of research integrity and ethical publishing practices. We take all allegations of research misconduct, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, seriously. Our process for identifying and dealing with such allegations follows the guidelines set forth by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) or equivalent standards.


  • Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis employs rigorous peer review processes and plagiarism detection software to identify potential cases of research misconduct.
  • Editors and reviewers are trained to recognize signs of research misconduct and are encouraged to report any concerns or suspicions.

Dealing with Allegations:

  • Upon receiving an allegation of research misconduct, the Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board carefully evaluate the evidence and follow COPE's guidelines or equivalent standards to conduct a thorough investigation.
  • The accused author(s) will be provided with an opportunity to respond to the allegations and present their case.
  • Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis maintains confidentiality throughout the investigation process to protect the privacy and reputation of all parties involved.
  • If the investigation confirms the presence of research misconduct, appropriate actions will be taken, which may include retraction, correction, or expression of concern, as guided by COPE's guidelines or equivalent standards.
  • Allegations found to be unsubstantiated or lacking sufficient evidence will be dismissed, and all parties involved will be notified of the outcome.

      Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis is committed to promoting research integrity and ensuring the integrity of scientific literature. We work diligently to prevent and address research misconduct, maintaining the trust of our readers, authors, reviewers, and the broader scientific community. We encourage all stakeholders to report any concerns or allegations of research misconduct through our established channels, and we will address them promptly and appropriately in accordance with established guidelines and standards.


At Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis , we are committed to maintaining the highest ethical standards in scholarly publishing. We encourage authors, reviewers, and readers to report any ethical concerns or misconduct they may come across. Your feedback plays a crucial role in upholding the integrity of our journal and ensuring responsible publishing practices. Please use our dedicated Ethical Concern Reporting form if you have any ethical concerns or wish to report potential misconduct. This form gathers relevant information regarding the reported concern, ensuring a comprehensive and efficient review process.
        To access the Ethical Concern Reporting form, visit our website's "Ethical Concerns Reporting Form" section below. You will find a user-friendly interface where you can provide details about the ethical concern, including a description of the issue, relevant manuscript or publication details, and any supporting evidence or documentation. Rest assured, all reports will be treated with the utmost confidentiality, and the information provided will be handled professionally and sensitively. Our dedicated team will thoroughly investigate each reported concern and take appropriate actions as necessary.
         We appreciate your commitment to maintaining the ethical standards of scholarly publishing. Together, we can ensure a fair, transparent, and responsible research community. Please note that for any other general inquiries or correspondence, we kindly ask you to use the appropriate contact channels provided on our website.

Ethical Concerns Reporting Form