Response Surface Regression with LTS and MM-Estimator to Overcome Outliers on Red Roselle Flowers
The surface response method is similar to the regression analysis method which uses procedures or ways of estimating the response function regression model based on the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method. Unfortunately, using the quadratic method has no drawbacks because it is easily sensitive to assumption deviations due to outlier cases. One of the solutions to the outlier problem is using robust regression. The method of parameters in the regression is very diverse, but the methods used in this study are the Least Trimmed Square (LTS) and MM-estimator methods because both methods have a high breakdown point of nearly 50%. The variables studied were the response variable consisting of red roselle plant height (Y1) and red roselle flower weight (Y2). While the independent variables were soil moisture factor (X1) and NPK fertilizer application factor (X2). The purpose of this study is to estimate the response surface regression parameters. using the LTS and MM-estimator methods on data that contains outliers. The resulting model in data analysis shows the same result that the best model is using the LTS estimation method. The modeling result of plant height obtained an R-Square value of 98,27% with an error is 1,243. Meanwhile, for the red rosella plant flower weight model, the R-Square value was 97,31% with an error is 0.6632.
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