Stunting Prevalence Modeling Using Nonparametric Regression of Quadratic Splines

  • Tutik Handayani Universitas Mulawarman, Indonesia
  • Sifriyani Sifriyani Universitas Mulawarman, Indonesia
  • Andrea Tri Rian Dani Universitas Mulawarman, Indonesia
Keywords: Generalized Cross Validation, Nonparametric Regression, Quadratic Truncated Spline, Unbiased Risk


The nonparametric regression approach is used when the shape of the regression curve between the response variable and the predictor variable is assumed to be of unknown shape. The advantages of nonparametric regression have high flexibility. A nonparametric regression approach that is often used is truncated spline which has an excellent ability to handle data whose behavior changes at certain sub-sub intervals. The purpose of this study is to obtain the best model of multivariable nonparametric regression with linear and quadratic truncated spline approaches using the Generalized Cross Validation (GCV) and Unbiased Risk (UBR) methods and to find out the factors that influence the prevalence of stunting in Indonesia in 2021. The data used were the prevalence of stunting as a response variable and the predictor variable used was the percentage of infants receiving exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, the percentage of households that have proper sanitation, the percentage of toddlers who get Early Initiation of Breastfeeding (IMD), the percentage of poor people, and the percentage of pregnant women at risk of SEZ. The results showed that the best quadratic truncated spline nonparametric regression model in modeling stunting prevalence was quadraic truncated spline using the GCV method with three knot points. This model has a minimum GCV value of 7.29 with an MSE value of 1.82 and a R2 value of 94.07%.


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How to Cite
T. Handayani, S. Sifriyani, and A. Rian Dani, “Stunting Prevalence Modeling Using Nonparametric Regression of Quadratic Splines”, Jurnal Varian, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 149 - 160, Jun. 2024.

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