Directive Speech Act Found in Renee Carlino “Swear on This Life”

  • Agnes Novalia Putera Batam University
  • Robby Satria
Keywords: directive speech acts, illocutionary acts, pragmatics


Directive speech acts are regularly used in daily basis conversation between human. This study used descriptive qualitative studies to discover the types of directive speech acts in Renee Carlino’s “Swear on This Life”. Data collection utilized observational non-participatory technique that took utterances found in the novel. The utterances are analyzed using Searle & Vanderveken (1985) theory of illocutionary acts. The data utilized pragmatic identity method along with pragmatic competence as a comparison to Sudaryanto, (2015). The conclusion of this study proved that there are 20 utterances indicating directive speech acts found in Renee Carlino’s “Swear on This life”. There are 5 data showing requesting, 3 data showing ordering, 6 data showing forbidding, 3 data showing warning, 3 data showing permitting. Forbidding is shown as the most frequently found as the characters have different opinion on each other’s action.


Birner, B. J. (2013). Introduction to Pragmatics. WILEY-BLACKWELL.
Carlino, R. (2016). Swear on This Life. Atria Books.
Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). Sage Publications.
Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge University Press.
Nainggolan, O. V., & Arifin, B. (2020). Illocutionary Acts Performed By the Main Character in the Matrix Movie. 4(3), 476–491.
Patel, D. M. F., & Jain, P. M. (2017). English language teaching. In History of Oxford University Press: Volume IV 1970 to 2004.
Searle, J. R. (1979). Expression and Meaning. Cambridge University Press.
Searle, J. R., & Vanderveken, D. (1985). Foundations of illocutionary logic. Cambridge University Press.
Sembiring, W. A., & Ambalegin. (2019). Illocutionary Acts on Aladdin Movie 2019. BASIS, 6(2), 8.
Stake, R. E. (2010). Qualitative Research. The Guilford Press.
Sudaryanto. (2015). Metode Dan Aneka Teknik Analisa Bahasa. Sanata Dharma University Press.
Yule, G. (n.d.). The Study of Language.
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatic. Cambridge University Press.