The Work of Informal Environment in Language Learning

  • Wildona Zumam Universitas Madura
  • Mohammad Amiruddin Universitas Madura
  • Nur Syakherul Habibi Universitas Madura
Keywords: Environment, English Learning, Informa, Input, Intake


This study examines the work of informal environment in language learning. This study is an ex post facto research, employing quantitative approach. The students at English Department of Madura University are as parts of population in the current research. A sample is decided by using proportional stratified random sampling technique. The data are analyzed by simple regression technique. The result of the study shows that the work of informal environment in language learning is not particularly high, 0.43 (43%). The informal environment operates on students’ proficiency level in English. It enriches the students’ input to communicate in English as well as makes the input of students becoming intake. It implies that the teachers and members of academic society should assist students with natural communication in order to meaningful input for the students.


Alibec, C. (2017). Do You Speak English? Language Anxiety in the Speaking Skill. Scientific Bulletin of Naval Academy, XX(1), 2–5.
Amiruddin, M., & Jannah, U. R. (2022a). The Effectiveness of Natural Approach on Language Learning in Higher Education. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Innovation in Education and Pedagogy (ICIEP 2020), 619(Iciep 2020), 120–129.
Amiruddin, M., & Jannah, U. R. (2022b). The role of speech style between teacher and student in learning English. 16(1).
Amiruddin, M., Jannah, U. R., & Sofia, S. (2020). Madurese Teacher’s Difficulties In Speaking. Kabilah : Journal of Social Community, 5(1), 60–73.
Amiruddin, M., & Tafrilyanto, C. F. (2018). Teacher-students closeness in learning English at SMK Nadhlatun Nasyiin Kadur Pamekasan. Jurnal Pendidikan Edutama, 5(2), 37.
Amiruddin, M., Training, T., Faculty, E., Madura, U., Jannah, U. R., Training, T., Faculty, E., & Madura, U. (2021). The Effect of Covid 19 Pandemic on English Proficiency Level in Higher Education. 6(1), 45–56.
Asif, F. (2017). The Anxiety Factors among Saudi EFL Learners: A Study from English Language Teachers’ Perspective. English Language Teaching, 10(6), 160.
Aydin, S., Akkaş, F. D., Türnük, T., Beydilli, A. B., & Saydam, I. (2020). Test anxiety among foreign language learners: A qualitative study. Qualitative Report, 25(12), 4289–4309.
Cahyani, N. M. D., Utami, N. M. V., & Juniartha, I. W. (2021). Types of speech style performed by the characters in birds of prey movie. Journal of Language and Applied Linguistics, 2(2), 139–148.
Cycle, F. (2020). Independent Project with Specialization in English The Relationships between Foreign Language Anxiety, Motivation, and Achievement in an EFL context.
Demir, A. N., & Zaimoglu, S. (2021). The Relationship Between Foreign Language Anxiety and Decision-making Strategies among University Students. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 17(1), 18–32.
Djiwandono, P. I. (2019). How Language Teachers Perceive Information and Communication Technology. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 8(3), 608–616.
Hafifah, G. N. (2020). Teachers Perspectives of ICT Integration in English Language Teaching: A Review of Literature. JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 5(1), 9–15.
Huang, M. (2021). A Case Study of ESL Students’ Remote Speaking Class Learning Experiences in a Canada University During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 3(5), 32–44.
ISSN 1907-6665 e-ISSN 2622-074 Accust Oming Students’ Polite Language through Mother: Its Barriers. (2021). 15(1), 35–43.
Kordja, B. (2020). Analysis of Anxiety Towards EFL Students’ Speaking Performance For The Nursing Department At Health Polytechnics Of Makassar. Tamaddun, 19(2), 93–99.
Rose, R. (2017). Silent and Filled Pauses and Speech Planning in First and Second Language Production. DiSS 2017, August, 49–52.
Rosyiidah, A. Al, & Hikmah, D. (2021). Language Politeness: Applying Madurese Culture Role Play To Habituate Students’ Language Modesty. Journal of Language and Literature, 9(2), 200–212.
Sabah Salman Sabbah. (2018). Anxiety in Learning English As a Second Language At a Tertiary Stage: Causes and Solutions. European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, 6(1), 14–33.
Şenel, E. (2016). Foreign Language Anxiety of Students Studying English Language and Literature: A Sample from Turkey. Educational Research and Reviews, 11(6), 219–228.
Septiani, D., Saputra, Y., Abdullah, F., & Siliwangi, U. (2021). the Use of Target Language in a Classroom : Focusing on an Indonesian Efl Teacher. August.
Steinberger, P., Eshet, Y., & Grinautsky, K. (2021). No Anxious Student is Left Behind: Statistics Anxiety, Personality Traits, and Academic Dishonesty—Lessons from covid‐19. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(9).
Tunnisa, D., Mahmud, M., & Salija, K. (2019). Investigating Teacher’s Sense of Humor in Indonesia. International Journal of Language Education, 3(2), 99–114.
Weda, S., & Sakti, A. E. F. (2020). The Kind of Speech Styles in Allan Plenderleith’s “The Bunker (2017)” Movie. ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 3(3), 376–392.
Winanta, A., Rochsantiningsih, D., & Supriyadi, S. (2020). Exploring EFL Classroom Interaction: An Analysis of Teacher Talk at Senior High School Level. ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 3(3), 328–343.
Yuan, R., & Hu, Y. (2018). Teachers’ Views on the Qualities of Effective EFL Teacher Educators. ELT Journal, 72(2), 141–150.
Zahid, C. (2014). Measuring Language Anxiety in an EFL Context. Journal of Education and Practice, 5(25), 180–193.
Zheng, Y., & Cheng, L. (2018). How Does Anxiety Influence Language Performance? From the Perspectives of Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety and Cognitive Test Anxiety. Language Testing in Asia, 8(1).