The Humor Formed by Flouting the Maxim in Hawkeye TV Series

Pragmatics Approach

  • Kartika Yulianti Putera Batam University
  • Nurma Dhona Handayani Universitas Putera Batam
Keywords: Cooperative principle, Maxim, Humor, Hawkeye


Since humor holds such an important role in our interactions, the topic related to the establishment of humor becomes important. This research was focusing on how humor was formed and why the flouting of maxim was affecting it. Descriptive qualitative method was used in this analysis. The objects of this research were the types of flouting maxim and the development of humor caused by it. The observation method was used in this analysis, combined with non-participatory technique in data collection. The data analyzed by using pragmatics identity method. The result of this research showed that all the maxims were violated throughout the episode in order to create humor. Maxim of relation and maxim of quantity became the most flouted maxim in creating humor, and the sense of hostility became the most appeared humor in Hawkeye TV Series.


Agustinia, M., & Ariyanti, L. (2016). Flouting maxims to create humor in movie “This Means War.” Language Horison. 4(2), 38-45.
Amianna, J. N., R., P., & Putranti, A. (2017). Humorous situations created by violations and floutings of conversational maxims in a situation comedy entitled How I Met Your Mother. Journal of Language and Literature, 17(1), 97–107.
Attardo, S. (1994). Linguistic theories of humor. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Birner, B. J. (2013). Introduction to pragmatics. Chicester, United Kingdom: Wiley Blackwell.
Grice, H. P. (1975). Logic and Conversation. Syntax and semantics: speech acts, 41–58. New York: Academic Press.
Lucas, J., & Moore, S. (2016). Bad Moms movie. New York: STX Entertainment.
Sudaryanto. (2015). Metode dan aneka teknik analisis bahasa. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University Press.