Expressive Acts Realization in “I Care a Lot” Movie

  • Fanny Virginia Universitas Putera Batam
  • Zia Hisni Mubarak Universitas Putera Batam
Keywords: expressive acts, illocutionary acts, pragmatics, speech acts


Realization of expressive acts is a phenomenon of pragmatics that appears in a movie. This descriptive qualitative research aimed at examining the types of expressive acts and how the expressive acts were realized in the movie. In collecting the data, this research implemented the observational method and non-participatory technique. Pragmatic identity method and pragmatic competence- in equalizing technique were applied as the method and technique of analyzing the data. Regarding the theory, this research applied expressive acts theory carried out by Searle and Vanderveken (1985).  The findings revealed that there were 36 data of expressive act in the utterances of the characters. Those were 7 data of apologizing, 1 data of welcoming, 1 data of congratulating, 1 data of condoling, 1 data of greeting, 7 data of thanking, 5 data of complaining, 12 data of complimenting, and 1 data of deploring.  The type of complimenting became the dominant type among other types. It is as a result of the existence of the rich elderly and their wealth that persuaded other characters to express complimenting.


Birner, B. J. (2013). Introduction to Pragmatics. United Kingdom: Wiley Blackwell.
Black, E. (2006). Pragmatics stylistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Blakeson, J. (2020). I Care a Lot. Netflix. Retrieved from
Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (3rd ed.). United States: SAGE Publications.
Emmiyati, N., & Indriani. (2015). Illocutionary Acts in “Midnight in Paris” movie. Elite: English and Literature Journal, 2(1).
Kreidler, W. C. (1998). Introduction English Semantics. New York: Routledge.
Muliawati, N. W. P., I Nyoman Sedeng, & Ida Ayu Made Puspani. (2020). The expressive illocutionary acts found in Webtoon True Beauty and their translation into Indonesian. RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa, 6(2), 148–155.
Norrick, R. N. (1978). Expressive Illocutionary Acts. Journal of Pragmatics, 2(3), 277–291.
Patrick, L. (2021). TheEllenShow: Tracy & Morgan share a slow dance. The Elllen Show.
Rahmawati, R. D. (2021). An analysis of Expressive Speech Acts used in Crazy Rich Asian movie. Journal of Language and Literature, 9(1), 83–94.
Royanti. (2019). Expressive Speech Act as found on La La Land movie. Inovish Journal, 4(2), 131–140.
Sasanaputra, R., & Mubarak, Z. H. (2021). Kinds and function of directive acts in Youtube channel James Corden " Spill Your Guts " talkshow. Journal Basis, 8(1).
Searle, J. R. (1979). Expression and meaning: Studies in the theory of Speech Acts. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Searle, J. R., & Vanderveken, D. (1985). Foundations of illocutionary logic. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sembiring, W. A., & Ambalegin, A. (2019). Illocutionary Acts on Aladdin movie 2019. Jurnal Basis, 6(2), 277–284.
Situmorang, F. E., & Handayani, N. D. (2020). Illocutionary Act in Anger Management movie. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 8(1), 363–372.
Sudaryanto. (2015). Metode dan aneka teknik analisis bahasa. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University Press.
Supri, I. Z., & Rahmatiany, R. (2021). Investigating the types and strategies of Expressive Illocutionary Acts. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematic Education (TURCOMAT) 12(8), 402–406.
Tamam, B., Setiawan, S., & Anam, S. (2020). The Expressive Speech Act used by Anies Rasyid Baswedan and Recep Tayyip Erdogan as the reaction of the attacks in christchurch New Zealand. Prasasti: Journal of Linguistics, 5(1), 16–29.
Wonata, I. A. M., Natsir, M., & Ariani, S. (2018). Illocutionary Act of Miranda Priestly character in the Devil Wears Prada film. Ilmu Budaya, 2(4), 371–380.
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics (Widdowson Ed.). New York: Oxford University Press