Women's Role in Overcoming Nature Exploitation in Disney Movie Frozen II

  • Artanti Eka Ellasari Putri Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Pratiwi Retnaningdyah Universitas Negeri Surabaya
Keywords: Disney movie, women-nature relation, patriarchy, ecofeminsm, gender role

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the interrelation between women and nature in an animation movie produced by Walt Disney and directed by Chris Buck and Jennifer Lee. The study aims at examining the relationship between women and nature in Walt Disney’s Movie Frozen II (2019), with a special focus on the destruction of nature that occurs in the movie and the role of female characters in repairing the environmental damage. Moreover, Gaard’s theory of Ecofeminism serves as the theoretical framework upon which women and nature relations are examined within the gender and ecological contexts. The study shows that there are environmental issues in the movie as a result of the dominant patriarchal system in which the king is considered as a leader of everything and everyone must obey the King's orders. Furthermore, the study shows that Elsa and Anna have the feminine values to overcoming the existing natural destruction. The results of this study reveal that women can be a leader and also the female character in this movie have feminine values to repair the existing natural destruction and maintaining the nature by reconciling with the 4 supernatural spirits. Hence, the study highlights the domination of women, the role of gender, and the ecological aspects in Frozen II movies that have not been fully explored previously.

References

Denning, L. (2019). Routledge handbook of gender and environment. In Green Letters (Vol. 23, Issue 2). https://doi.org/10.1080/14688417.2019.1614331
Gaard, G. (1993). Ecofeminism (Ethic and Action) (G. Gaard (ed.)). Temple University Press.
Jax, K., Calestani, M., Chan, K. M., Eser, U., Keune, H., Muraca, B., O’Brien, L., Potthast, T., Voget-Kleschin, L., & Wittmer, H. (2018). Caring for nature matters: a relational approach for understanding nature’s contributions to human well-being. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 35, 22–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2018.10.009
Laksmitarukmi, A. (2017). Patriarchal Viewpoint on Women and Nature : An Ecofeminist Reading On Dan Brown’s Inferno.
Lee, J., & Buck, C. (2019). Frozen 2 (English Sub). Frozen 2.
Margrave, C. (2019). Environment and Identity in the Nineteenth-Century French Caribbean Novel: Traversay’s Les amours de Zémédare et Carina and Bergeaud’s Stella. Dix-Neuf, 23(3–4), 171–182. https://doi.org/10.1080/14787318.2019.1683971
Mies, M., & Shiva, V. (2014). Ecofeminism. Zed Book Ltd.
Myers, M. A., & Collier, M. J. (2010). Cultural ascriptions displayed by restraining order court representatives: Implicating patriarchy and cultural dominance. Women’s Studies in Communication. https://doi.org/10.1080/07491409.2005.10162494
Omar D. Bello, L. O. (2014). Handbook for Disaster Assessment. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).
Öztürk, Y. M., Türkiye, K., Üniversitesi, M., Enstitüsü, S. B., Dili, İ., Dalı, A., Öğrencisi, Y. L., & Kirgizİstan, B. (2020). An Overview of Ecofeminism : Women , Nature and Hierarchies Atıf Bilgisi / Reference Information Ekofeminizme Genel Bir Bakış : Kadınlar , Doğa ve Hiyerarşiler Yıldız Merve Öztürk. 705–714.
Schliephake, C. (2017). Ecocriticism, Ecology, and The Cultures of Antiquity. Lexington Books.
Stoddart, M. C. J., & Tindall, D. B. (2011). Ecofeminism, hegemonic masculinity, and environmental movement participation in British Columbia, Canada, 1998-2007: “women always clean up the mess.” Sociological Spectrum, 31(3), 342–368. https://doi.org/10.1080/02732173.2011.557065
Sultana, A. (2012). Patriarchy and Women’s Subordination: A Theoretical Analysis. Arts Faculty Journal, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.3329/afj.v4i0.12929
Vijayaraj, B. (2017). A Comprehensive Study of Ecofeminism. The Anthropologist, 30(1), 68–75. https://doi.org/10.1080/09720073.2017.1377862
Warren, K. J. (1997). Ecofeminism: Women, Culture, Nature. In Indiana University Press. Indiana University Press. https://doi.org/10.5840/teachphil199821225
Wu, Y. (2020). The Analysis of Elsa’s Growth from the Perspective of Ecofeminism. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 08(06), 30–36. https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2020.86003
Published
2021-07-03