Directive Speech Act in Cruella 2021 Movie

  • Firzadika Syaufa Yardha Universitas Putera Batam
  • Ambalegin Ambalegin Universitas Putera Batam
Keywords: Directive, Illocutionary act, Pragmatics, Speech act


This research aimed at finding out the different types of directive speech act in Cruella 2021 movie. In this research, the researchers applied Searle’s theory of speech act. The researchers used qualitative method to analyze directive speech act in this research. The directive speech act is the subject of this investigation. Cruella 2021 movie is the focus of this investigation. This research contained utterances from the movie's conversation dialogue. A distinct sort of directive speech act could be found in each statement from the movie. In collecting the data, this research used non-participatory observation method. The categorization method was used to analyze the data for this research. In the analysis, the researchers found the types of directive speech act. This research had 15 data from types of directive speech act which was separated into command (3 data), request (3 data), permission (3 data), prohibition (3 data), and question (3 data). The researchers also explained the purpose of the different types of directive speech act in each utterance.


Amanda, V., & Marlina, L. (2018). Directive Speech Acts Used in Frozen Movie Transcript. E-Journal of English Language & Literature, 7(1), 218–224. Retrieved from
Andari, A., & Kusumawati, F. P. (2021). Directive speech acts in Sonic the Hedgehog Movie Script (2020) by Josh Miller. Journal of Education and Entrepreneurship, 1(1), 26–35. Retrieved from
Austin, J. L. (1962). How to do things with words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chaika, E. (1982). Language: The social mirror. Massachusets: New Burry Publisher.
Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Grice, H. P. (1989). Studies in the way of words. UK: Harvard University Press.
Gustiyanda, Thamrin, T., & Rina, N. (2020). An Analysis of Speech Acts in Jumanji: The Next Level Movie. Artikel Ilmiah Mahasiswa Jurusan Sastra Inggris, 2(2). Retrieved from
Haucsa, G. M., Marzuki, A. G., Alek, & Hidayat, D. N. (2020). "Illocutionary Speech Acts Analysis in Tom Cruise’s Interview." Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Language, Education and Literature, 8(1), 11–19.
Hornby, A. S. (1974). Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary of current english. London: Oxford University Press.
Kreidler, C. W. (1998). Introducing English semantics. London: Routledge.
Lailiyah, S. (2015). Directive Speech Act of the Main Characters in Divergent Movie. Journal Online Universitas Abdurrachman Saleh Situbondo, 5(1), 59–76. Retrieved from
Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mey, J. L. (1993). Pragmatics: An introduction. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
Muhartoyo, M., & Kristani, K. (2013). "Directive Speech Act in The Movie Sleeping Beauty." Humaniora: Binus Journal Publishing, 4(2), 949–966.
Searle, J. R. (1979). Expression and Meaning: Studies in the Theory of Speech Acts. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sembiring, W. A., & Ambalegin, A. (2019). "Illocutionary acts on Aladdin Movie 2019." Journal Basis, 6(2), 277–284.
Sugiyono. (2009). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan RD. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Tambunan, S. D. (2020). The illocutionary acts and the translation techniques in Sherlock Holmes Movie series. Journal of Language and Literature, 8(2), 182–195.
Wijaya, F. R., & Helmie, J. (2019). "An Analysis of Directive Speech Acts in The Fault in Our Stars Movie Script." Journal of English Pedagogy, Linguistics, Literature, and Teaching, 7(1).
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Yule, G. (2006). The Study of Language (4th ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.