Implementation of Propotional Integral Derivative (PID) Control System in Room Brightness Detection Prototype
PID control is used in the tool to determine the accuracy of a combined system with the feedback characteristics of the system, based on the error values obtained from the Kp, Ki, and Kd values that respond to the dimmer. The dimmer functions to adjust the brightness of the lamp, then it will be controlled by Arduino UNO. This experiment is devoted to testing P, PD, PI, and PID control as practicum learning modules in the electrical engineering study program, at the Sumbawa University of Technology. This controlled trial obtained 200 recorded data with the same set point value of 2 and in a very fast time of 200 seconds. P control with increased or decreased Kp value resulted in 10% system stability, PI control with increased Kp and Ki values resulted in 20% system stability whereas when Kp value was increased and Ki decreased the system was unstable. PD control does not get stable system performance at all. PID control with increased Kp and Ki values, and lowered Kd values resulted in 75% successful system stability, whereas when Kp and Kd were increased, Ki values were lowered resulting in 50% system stability. So in this study, the PID control would be very suitable to be used as a control that stabilizes system performance.
 M. Bahtiar et al., “Penentuan Konstanta PID Sistem Kendali Satelit Sumbu X , Y , dan Z Menggunakan Metode Root Locus,” Jetri J. Ilm. Tek. Elektro, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 68–80, 2022, doi: 10.25105/jetri.v20il.13473.
 M. D. I. Putri, A. Ma’arif, and R. D. Puriyanto, “Pengendali Kecepatan Sudut Motor Dc Menggunakan Kontrol PID dan Tuning Ziegler Nichols,” TECHNO, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 09–18, 2022, doi: 10.30595/techno.v23i1.10773.
 A. R. Babu, S. Kibreab, and S. Mehari, “Experimental Studies on Step Response of Water Level Control System with P, PI and PID Control Mechanisms,” Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 1504–1509, 2020.
 V. K. Singh and P. K. Padhy, “A new approach to PI-PD controller Design using modified relay feedback,” in 2018 International Conference on Power Energy, Environment and Intelligent Control, PEEIC 2018, 2019, pp. 349–353, doi: 10.1109/PEEIC.2018.8665572.
 L. Nurdiansyah, S. Sungkono, and S. Subiyantoro, “Implementasi Metode PID Untuk Pengendalian Suhu Pada Proses Pengeringan Kerupuk Ikan,” J. Elektron. dan Otomasi Ind., vol. 6, no. 3, p. 8, Feb. 2021, doi: 10.33795/elkolind.v6i3.164.
 F. Isdaryani, M. F. V. Hersya, and Feriyonika, “Sintesis Kendali PID Digital dengan Diskritisasi Langsung dan Backward Difference,” ELKOMIKA J. Tek. Energi Elektr. Tek. Telekomun. Tek. Elektron., vol. 9, no. 2, p. 467, 2021, doi: 10.26760/elkomika.v9i2.467.
 D. Permana and R. H. Sari, Marti Widya & Hardyanto, “Sistem ` Penjernih ` Air dengan Kendali ` PID ` Berbasis Arduino,” Semin. Nas. Din. Inform., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 146–149, 2021.
 T. Setiadi et al., “Prototype Rancang Bangun Sistem Lampu dan Kipas Otomatis Menggunakan Sensor PIR Gerak Suhu dan Cahaya Berbasis Arduino UNO,” JCS - TECH, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 31–39, 2022, doi: 10.54840/10.54840/jcstech.v2i2.
 V. A. Suoth, H. I. . Mosey, and R. C. Telleng, “Rancang bangun alat pendeteksi intensitas cahaya berbasis Sensor Light Dependent Resistance (LDR),” J. MIPA, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 47, 2018, doi: 10.35799/jm.7.1.2018.19609.
 M. H. Hersyah, Firdaus, and H. Nesya, “Rancang Bangun Prototipe Sistem Otomatisasi Pengereman Elektromagnetik Berbasis Mikrokontroler Dengan Kontrol PID,” J. Inf. Technol. Comput. Eng., vol. 2, no. 01, pp. 41–50, 2018, doi: 10.25077/jitce.2.01.41-50.2018.
 M. Kumngern and U. Torteanchai, “FDCCII-based P, PI, PD and PID controllers,” 2014 4th Int. Conf. Digit. Inf. Commun. Technol. Its Appl. DICTAP 2014, no. 1, pp. 415–418, 2014, doi: 10.1109/DICTAP.2014.6821722.
 J. Uniyal, M. Joshi, and P. K. Juneja, “Set point tracking capability and comparitive response of PI-PD controller with PI, PD and PID controller,” in Proceedings - 2016 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication and Automation, ICACCA 2016, 2016, no. 1, doi: 10.1109/ICACCA.2016.7578883.
 D. Kardha, H. Haryanto, and M. A. Aziz, “Kendali Lampu dengan AC Light Dimmer Berbasis Internet of Things,” Go Infotech J. Ilm. STMIK AUB, vol. 27, no. 1, p. 13, 2021, doi: 10.36309/goi.v27i1.140.
 L. Li and D. Jia, “Research on Air conditioning system of subway station based on fuzzy PID control,” in Proceedings - 2017 4th International Conference on Information Science and Control Engineering, ICISCE 2017, 2017, pp. 1131–1134, doi: 10.1109/ICISCE.2017.235.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.